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Students

Grades and Records

Students enrolled in the School of Law–Newark have the option of choosing between a letter-grade system and a Pass, D, F system. The letter grades are: A+, A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D, and F.

The following numerical equivalents are used only for internal purposes such as determining honors and grade-based prizewinners at the law school:

Grade Numerical Equivalent
A+
4.33
A
4.00
A-
3.67
B+
3.33
B
3.00
B-
2.67
C+
2.33
C
2.00
C-
1.67
D
1.00
F
0.00

Once the required curriculum is completed, students have the option of choosing between a letter-grade system and Pass/“D” or “F” system for the elective classes. Although a letter grade for every student will be entered by the faculty member regardless of the option chosen, a student who chooses the Pass/“D” or “F” option will have the grade recorded by the registrar on a Pass/“D”/“F” system whereby a grade of “A,” “B,” or “C” (including pluses and minuses) is entered on the student's transcript as a “Pass.” A grade of “D” or “F” will be recorded as a “D” or as an “F” regardless of whether students choose this option. The Pass/“D” or “F” option is available only in elective courses and may be exercised in only one course per semester, up to a maximum of 12 credits in total. (Grades of “Pass” earned in an unscheduled “soft” credit enterprise such as an externship or journal participation do not count as an exercise of this option.) Graduating students who have elected the Pass/“D” or “F” option for a substantial number of courses are not eligible to graduate with honors: the Faculty and Committee on Scholastic Standing require candidates for honors to have received at least 68 credits in graded courses.

NOTE: Letter grades entered by the faculty in courses taken Pass/“D” or “F” are unofficial and are not recognized by the school for any purpose except for determination of academic good standing. Students who elect this option waive the right to learn the letter grade earned, and may not publish the letter grade entered by the faculty member for any purpose, if somehow that letter grade is later learned. A student who fails to choose the Pass/“D” or “F” option will automatically be given a letter grade.

More information regarding how to register and exercise this grading option can be found on the r
egistration instructions page for each semester.